Virtual, decentralized forms of work are on the advance. What does the new work culture mean for Company? When in doubt, a lot of legal and technical ones Problems.

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New technology, new questions

No doubt, virtual working is on the rise. Offices, working hours and even personal presence are actually superfluous. that throws Ask .

The Technology is no problem, even surgeons can today from the other end of the Welt operate from. So removed 2001 Professor Jacques Marescaux from the IRCAD Strasbourg the gall bladder of a French patient - by computer and surgical robot, while he was sitting in New York. Even today, IRCAD is considered a pioneer of teleoperation.

It's all about trust

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But not everything is really new - and yet controversial. Management consultant Roswitha A. van der Markt explains: “Managers believe that everything is done with the introduction of the technology and a short training session. But trust decides about that Success of virtual teams - and that only arises through Esteem and personal exchange.”

That's where the rub lies: according to a study by RW3 CultureWizards, 87% of the management and 50% of the Employees at least partially virtual. Still, studies show how the monsters Recruiting Trends that in Germany in particular there is still a lack of trust in colleagues working from home - and not just from management, but also from teammates.

Work services that you do not see?

So how can one perceive work performance that one does not see? van der Markt recommends klare Target agreements and collaboration tools such as chats, wikis or digital boards where team members can meet fast using the Status to share their work. “Skype and video conferences also convey facial expressions, gestures and the mood. And you should meet in person at least once or twice a year,” says the consultant.

But virtual work also causes legal discussions: employees who use private devices for work or business devices privately endanger data security. And the first employers' associations are already calling for the deregulation of working time laws. It will be interesting to see where the journey will take us. Because "bring your own device" is considered to be inexpensive Alternatives to an existing PC pool - and leads to IT-Responsible to anxiety.

Status quo in German companies

According to a survey conducted by the Bitkom branch, 43 percent of the German ICT companies allow their employees to connect their own smartphones or laptops to their company network. Studies of the IT company Cisco in the US show that employees are even more productive and satisfied when they choose their own devices.

For companies, this also sounds inexpensive and attractive, but "bring your own device" (BYOD, German: “Bring your own device”), according to the technical jargon, makes many IT managers break out in a cold sweat: How can you prevent employees from logging into the company network with virus-infected devices? And what happens if private devices are stolen?

Secure cloud instead of too much rules

According to a Bitkom survey, 60 percent of German companies are reacting to the impending danger with special regulations. In Estonia people walk differently ways: At the IT company Skype, which belongs to Microsoft, employees can log into the company network with their private devices without restrictions.

These are still provided by the company, but General Manager Andrus Järg is already thinking one step ahead: In the future, the company's data should no longer be stored on local computers, but in the cloud. And they have to be like that themselves for sure be that nobody can access it without authorization, says Järg.

As with Skype in Estonia

Its attitude fits into a country where government services are completed through to the conclusion of contracts and parliamentary elections online. This certainly has advantages for efficiency and productivity: a company can be founded in 18 minutes, according to Wallstreet Journal, Estonia has the most start-ups per inhabitant in Europe. The Skype software has also been developed over ten years ago.

So General Manager Järg has a simple answer for people looking for the risks ask: “That People Anxiety to be ahead of new developments is natural. It was the same with the computer – and it is normal today. It will be the same with cloud computing.” It sounds good. One can only hope that he is right.

How much influence do employers have on private life?

I remember how a few years ago large IT companies like Facebook and Apple made headlines by freezing eggs for their employees. Regardless of which Opinions one has to:

For me, the heated discussion also showed how difficult it is for us to deal with the changes that digitization will bring to our society Working world brings with it. Because you can evaluate them positively – or negative.

How data glasses are changing work

For example, according to experts, data glasses could soon fundamentally revolutionize our working world. Because even unskilled workers, the data glasses enable complex Tasks to meet.

You have the instructions right on your nose and both of them hands free. Time-consuming familiarization or training: superfluous. Studies promise productivity increases of up to 30 percent.

Cyborgs or work easier

Experts are therefore sounding the alarm: From cyborgs, the Rede and that human skills are becoming increasingly superfluous.

New inventions have always been difficult, and cultural pessimism has a boom in Germany, particularly in the field of digitization. This also applies to the 3-D pressure, which, it is feared, would soon destroy entire industrial branches. In doing so, new techniques can also be seen positively, as advancement and support for the work so far.

How 3 D-printing changes the craft

For example in crafts: For the goldsmiths Lee Harding and Seamus O Donaghue in Dublin, 3D printing is the most important Innovation the last few years.

The two design jewelry on the computer and then directly produce molds or blanks themselves. “We used to have to order this in a complex process, 3D printing has made this process much easier and cheaper,” says O Donaghue.

The need for quality is growing

They are not afraid that their work could become superfluous: "More likely, the need for quality will continue to grow," say the Irish, who primarily focus on tailor-made products, high-quality materials and individual designs Consulting put.

How to evaluate new developments and whether to use them for themselves is also a matter of personal perception.


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