The White Mountains of the East
The enemy was overpowering. We stood with his back to the wall. The king of Connacht and contender to the throne of Tara sent me to Manannan Mac Lír, the most powerful of the immortal tribe of Danu. Those of the tribe of Danus were the former rulers of Ériu. We needed their help to win our last big fight. A precarious concern, for we, the Gael, had been the ones who had defeated the tribe of Danu a hundred years ago and had taken over the rule over Érinn. The immortal tribe of Danu did not take this defeat well. They gave up their capital, Tara, and scattered in all directions. The tribe of Danu crawled into the uttermost corners of Érinn while we enjoyed Gael our triumph and made Tara our own capital. We made fun of Danu's sublime tribe. Now we needed his help.
Manannan Mac Lír lived in the east in an impregnable fortress in a mountain range, the White Mountains. The white mountains were only accessible when the tide was low. At high tide they were lapped by the sea. But that was my last problem. To get to the white mountains, I first had to cross the plain of Coltna, an impassable moor. Unfortunately, there was no other way. The Moor had many names: the Moor of Terror, the Moor of No Return, the Merciless Moor, to name a few. The inhabitants of Érinn believed that it was ruled by evil spirits who plunged anyone who entered the moor into ruin. Many should have perished in the bog and now, as ghosts, wander through the moor in fog, forever bound to the place of their death. Of course, I did not believe those horror stories.
The moor was a bare landscape. There were no trees or shrubs and hardly any grass. Everything was greyish and brownish and bleak. To this, the advancement was quite troublesome, because the ground was swampy and uneven. Again and again I had to handle small pools, in which water had collected. I had to be very careful and watch carefully where I stepped, not to sink forever in the dark wet and die a lonely and senseless death.
I had entered the moor when the sun was high in the sky. I knew the way to the White Mountains would not be easy. But I did not expect it to be that difficult. The sun was already low over the horizon. I had to come to terms with the fact that I had to spend the night in the moor. In the distance I saw a tree, which I found quite unusual. It was probably a big and old tree. I approached. Then I realized that there was no green foliage left on the tree. The tree was dead and already rotting. How fitting!
The sun shed blood on the horizon and dipped everything into a pale light. Soon it would be dark. I saw that something red was sparkling near the tree. I went to it. I realized that the glitter came from a small lake near the tree. Something probably reflected the light of the setting sun. Now I became curious and went to the pool. A red glow danced ghostly on the surface. I approached cautiously and saw that the red glow of something that was under the surface of the water came. I leaned down and was frightened. I looked into the lifeless face of a woman lying on the bottom of the lake. Around her neck she wore a necklace with a red stone. Her skin was quite pale, her eyes rigid and gloomy. She stared at me wide-eyed. A terrible sight.
I thought about taking the chain for a moment after recovering from the shock. Surely she was valuable. A fitting gift for the Tuatha de Danaan, which underlined my submissiveness and my good will. Actually, the chain was a lucky coincidence - at least for me. But for some reason, I could not take the chain. I was not afraid - I had seen enough deaths before - but I had the feeling it was an incredible injustice to take the chain. So I went back to the tree and leaned against the dead, rotten wood. I was exhausted. The path through the moor had been exhausting. I thought of the dead woman. Who was she? How did she die and why? I tried to get a picture of her. She seemed to have been very young when she died. When did she die? The moor had the property of preserving everything. She has been there for several years. I pondered as the night slowly laid its dark shadows on the desolate land. The darkness spread and devoured the world. The stars in the sky reflected in the small pools and sparkled like diamonds. I fell asleep.
Exercise: New Words
What fits together? Please do this exercise before the first listening or reading of the story
the throne: Q: That's a small lake the low tide: B: That's a landscape. Here the ground is always wet. the tide: E: bush, like a tree but without a trunk of shrub: C: This is a special chair on which the king sits the pool: D: That happens when the water goes away by the sea. You can see a lot of sand but little water 6. the bog: A: That happens when the water comes back at the sea. You see a lot of water but little sand
B Adjectives and verbs
immortal: B: without exercise precarious: A: If wood is like that, then it is old and broken sublime: F: noble, good, better than others rotten: E: The opposite of course. Apple juice comes in clear and pale in this form: G: pale, pale, without color 6. rigid: C: Forever alive, never dead 7. Dim: H: When an apple turns brown. You can not eat it then. 8. rotten: D: difficult and problematic
After the first hearing / reading, answer the following questions:
What does the narrator of Manannan Mac Lír want? _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ Where does Manannan Mac Lír live? _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ What does the narrator find in the lake? _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________
After the second listening / reading, you will solve the following tasks:
A. What do these words mean?
with your back to the wall A: accept something you do not find good.
C: You can do nothing more. There is no way out. You have no chance.
in all directions: D: Someone or something brings a lot of misfortune to another person.
to settle for a fact: B: distribute so that something becomes unimportant.
B. Find the following collocations!
________________ concerns ________________ beaten ________________ shadow ________________ gift ________________ wrong ________________ will ________________ coincidence
that sets and other attachments
A. In sections 37 through 58 there are seven constructions with the conjunction “that”. Write the sentences down. Mark the conjunction and underline the bowed verbs.
I knew that the road to the white mountains would not be easy.
2 ._______________________________________________________________ 3 ._______________________________________________________________
4 ._______________________________________________________________ 5 ._______________________________________________________________ 6 .________________________________________________________________ 7 .________________________________________________________________
B. Write your own sentences:
(believe) the King of Connacht, (helping) Manannan the Gael Example: The King of Connacht believes that Manannan will help.
(think) the narrator of the story, (not helping) Manannan probably him
__________________________________________________________ (to be) the narrator does not care, (he has to) run through the moor
___________________________________________________________ (say) the narrator, (not) the horror stories true
_______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ (think) the narrator, (drown in perfect!) the woman in the moor
6. (believe) the narrator, (to be) the chain valuable
7. (his) the narrator gladly, (dream in the perfect!) he the history with the woman only
C. Other conjunctions that initiate secondary sentences: if, because, while, as, after,
Put the right conjunction into the gap!
The Tuatha de Danaan crept into the furthest corners of Érius, _____________ we Gaeil enjoyed our triumph. The white mountains were to reach, ____________ low tide was. In addition, the progress was quite arduous, __________ the ground was swampy and uneven. I had entered the moor, ___________ the sun was high in the sky. I thought about taking the chain for a moment, _____________ I had recovered from the shock. 6. She seemed to have been very young, ____________ she died. 7. I pondered, _____________ the night slowly setting their dark shadows on the desolate land.
D. It is also possible to write the subset first and then the main set:
The Tuatha de Danaan crawled in the extreme corners of Érius, while we enjoyed Gaeil our triumph.
While we enjoyed Gaeil's triumph, the Tuatha de Danaan crept into the furthest corners. _________ _________
Past tense and present tense
Tales like “The White Mountains of the East” are mostly written in the past tense. Contents are written in the present tense. Write this summary of the first part of the story back into the past. The irregular forms of the verbs can be found in the text.
The King of Connacht and aspirant to the throne of Temair sends the narrator to Mananna Mac Lír. The King of Connacht needs military help from Manannan Mac Lír. But the matter is complicated: The king of Connacht and the narrator belong to the people of Gaeil and Manannan belongs to the people of the Tuatha de Danaan. The narrator has to go through a moor to reach the Manannan Fortress. People believe that the bog is ruled by the spirits of the dead. The narrator does not believe that. The path through the moor is nevertheless difficult, because the ground is wet and uneven. In addition, it is dangerous in the moor, because many people sink into the moor and die. The narrator makes slow progress and has to spend a night in the moor. He finds a tree. The narrator sees that something red is sparkling near the tree. The sparkle comes from the chain of a dead woman lying on the bottom of a lake. The narrator thinks the chain is valuable, but he does not take it with him. Instead, he falls asleep under the tree. ______________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
1C, 2D, 3A, 4E, 5F, 6B
1C, 2D, 3F, 4H, 5G, 6B, 7E, 8A
Military Aid In the White Mountains of the East A dead woman
precarious concerns line 6 trounced line 8 dark shadow line 75 suitable gift line 60 / 1 incredible injustice row 66 good will line 62 63 happy coincidence line
1C, 2D, 3B, 4A
I did not expect it to be that difficult. I had to come to terms with the fact that I had to spend the night in the forest. Then I realized that there was no green foliage left on the tree. I saw that a little red sparkled near the tree. 6. I noticed that the sparkle came from a small lake near the tree. 7. I approached cautiously and saw that the red glow came from something under the surface of the water.
The King of Connacht believes that Manannan will help. The narrator of the story thinks that Manannan will probably not help him. The narrator does not care that he has to walk through the moor. The narrator says the horror stories are not true. The narrator thinks that the woman drowned in the moor. The narrator believes the chain is valuable. The narrator is glad that he only dreamed the story with the woman.
Other conjunctions that introduce subordinate clauses: while, when, because, after, The Tuatha de Danaan crept into the furthest corners of Érius, while we gaeiled our triumph. The white mountains were only accessible when the tide was low. Too, the progress was quite cumbersome because the ground was swampy and uneven. I had entered the moor when the sun was high in the sky. I thought about taking the chain for a moment after recovering from the shock. She seemed to have been very young when she died. I pondered as the night slowly laid its dark shadows on the desolate land.
While we enjoyed Gaeil's triumph, the Tuatha de Danaan crept into the furthest corners. Érius When the tide was low, the white mountains could be reached. In addition, because the ground was swampy and uneven, the progress was quite arduous. When the sun was high in the sky, I had entered the moor. After recovering from the shock, I thought about taking the chain for a moment. 6. When she died, she appeared to have been very young 7. As the night slowly set its dark shadows on the desolate land, I continued to ponder
The King of Connacht and aspirant to the throne of Temair sent the narrator to Mananna Mac Lír. The king of Connacht needed military help from Manannan Mac Lír. But the matter was complicated: The king of Connacht and the narrator belonged to the people of Gaeil and Manannan belonged to the people of the Tuatha de Danaan. The narrator had to go through a moor to reach the fortress Manannan. People believed that the bog was ruled by the spirits of the dead. The narrator did not believe that. Still, the path through the moor was heavy because the ground was wet and uneven. In addition, it was dangerous in the moor, because many people sank in the moor and died. The narrator made slow progress and must spend a night in the moor. He found a tree. The narrator saw that something red sparkles near the tree. The sparkle came from the chain of a dead woman lying on the bottom of a lake. The narrator thought the chain was valuable, but he did not take it with him. Instead, he slipped under the tree.
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