Education is an important means of integrating refugees, for which there are already numerous projects. There have been numerous projects since 2015. A review.

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Creative projects around the topic of refugees

There are some creative projects to improve the difficult situation of the refugees. Thomas Eggert has proclaimed the blog parade “Human Relations for Refugees” in his blog, in which I am happy to participate with this post. Further projects will be presented there.

The best-known example is the job exchange Workeer, which aims to bring refugees and potential employers together. The Online-University for refugees, on the other hand, is perhaps/hopefully soon superfluous.

Hackatons and search engines

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A refugee hackaton was carried out in Berlin, in which technical Solutions to be found on the subject of refugees. The online magazine Refupreneur goes one step further and wants to help refugees with the Implementation own ideas support in crowdfunding projects.

I found that a bit disappointing Engagement of the federal government: In August, they advertised the arrival grant of 12.000 euros, which supports relevant projects.

However, on closer inspection, it turns out that only benefits in kind such as office space with a value of 12.000 are to be granted here. To really start something sensible, even 12.000 euros would be too little. That PR works as a great cash injection too sellis a joke.

Study shows: hurdles are to be dismantled

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has said this week, currently talks between ministries and universities are currently being conducted in all the federal states in order to reduce hurdles for university entrance for refugees and to adapt regulations.

In August 2015, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung carried out a survey among all federal ministries responsible for universities in order to find out how university access for refugees is regulated in the individual federal states.

The results of the survey (excluding Baden-Württemberg, Bremen, Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein) are intended to show that many ministries are willing to get actively involved in accepting refugees at the university. This includes, for example, the online offer for Information also available in multiple languages.

Previous regulations

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Refugees are already open to access to universities in Germany. When studying, they are treated like other foreign students.

The Problem in many cases: For Study in Germany you are entitled if you have obtained a certificate of education abroad that is equivalent to a higher education entrance qualification obtained in Germany and if you have the required language skills.

Problem of missing documents

If there is no university entrance qualification, the path to a Studienkolleg is usually open. After completing the examination, a specialized course may be taken. In the case of admission-restricted subjects, the pre-qualification for foreign (non-EU) students also applies to refugees.

The problem is missing documents. In this case, the decision of the Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of the 8.11.1985 can be used: An indirect proof of university access is possible if study applicants can not provide the necessary documents for political reasons.

Accordingly, simple copies or affidavits can be accepted in individual cases. Several ministries recommend that universities do not apply stringent standards in the case of individual cases. However, in the absence of documents, there is a need for further regulation in the opinion of several countries. A working group of the KMK is currently discussing how the decision can be adapted to the current situation.

Residence permit for students

As far as the residence permit is concerned: the residence title is from the university law Status dependent. The residence permit is usually only issued once you have been admitted to the course. The Residence Act stipulates that the first residence title is valid for between one and two years. An extension is possible on request.

While access to higher education is open to refugees in all federal states, the results are very different in support measures. LanguageCourses, orientation and counseling programs are offered in many of the federal states. Only a few countries have reported on targeted financial support. In some Länder, there is no special support for refugees apart from the general offers for foreign students.

Admission tests for university entrance

In Lower Saxony, there is the option to obtain university admission for an admission-free course if you pass the entrance test without an additional assessment test. Refugees are promoted through guidance and counseling services through the initiative “Open universities in Lower Saxony”. There are free intensive languageCourses and other funding available.

In addition to languageCourses and other support measures, the school also offers the opportunity for refugees to receive support from 1000 Euro for the start-up phase and the completion phase. This can be used, for example, to finance application, enrollment and dues fees as well as social contributions. In addition, the fees for a study visit are taken over.

It was also discussed to close the performance gaps for student refugees and to reduce or take over the matriculation costs (e.g. registration costs at Uni-Assist). There is also an initiative to expand an entrance examination as an alternative approach to studying. "

Voting is important

The Friedrich Ebert Foundation concludes:

Even if there has not yet been any comprehensive statistical recording of refugee status at the universities, it is assumed that inquiries and applications will increase. A nationwide vote of central open Ask is desirable.

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