Many young people look to role models when choosing a career – mostly their parents, but also celebrities. This is not useful, because the job opportunities of Future look very different

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Why are they oriented at all on models?

The ideal is that straight Boy People their Job choose according to their personal abilities. In reality, several studies show that this is not the case - much more is based on models in one's own Family or – as a substitute – looked for celebrities.

It's also logical: Hardly anyone can do that Age, in which he opted for an apprenticeship decide should already assess what job he wants to do for the rest of his life. You inevitably orientate yourself on what you already know.

The facts

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Several studies, for example from the German Institute for Economic Research, the Allensbach Institute for Demoscopy or data from the PISA study, show that parents make a major contribution to the career choices of their children.

But also the media and that Internet are important – for example, the young people then want to become doctors like Dr. Do house or "something with media".

Who only trots after the herd ...

"Those who just trot after the herd..." - the well-known saying that I don't have to reproduce in full here also and especially applies to the choice of career as the cornerstone for later life.

Because if you only keep an eye on what you know and what your own parents might set an example for, you lose out Eyeswhat unimagined possibilities there are. And the studies also show that young people Orientation want in order to pick out the right dream job from the unmanageable mass of training paths.

Lifelong learning

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It's just a shame that most parents and teachers prefer "secure" 9-5 jobs, of which there will be fewer and fewer in the future, instead of new ones ideas to be promoted in a targeted manner. The fact that becoming a civil servant is now the dream of many young people may have grown out of this crap.

Much more should help the young people to lay a secure foundation on which they can then build more experience - keyword lifelong learning.

The training is just the beginning

Because that's where the journey will go: No longer is training required for one, a lifelong job or even a career in one Companys.

On the other hand, the aspect of lifelong learning, for which a good education can be the starting point, is becoming more and more important - according to the motto: First of all, lay a good foundation, then later you can do whatever you want.

Descending from the dead horse?

Because successful career changes and career changes are almost always possible and more meaningful today than ever - even if the path is not always easy.

Again and again one reads about these more or less prominent examples of people who leave their previous job and do something completely new. Or after the successful one Study get a foothold in a non-specialist industry. The following applies: the fact that so many others have made it makes a lot Courageto switch yourself.

Panel discussion on the topic of career changers

However, if you plan to do this, there are a few things to keep in mind. I recently spoke about this on a panel at ESCP Europe Business School in Berlin discussed.

Due to a lack of knowledge of the industry and because they are said to be volatile, they become such Candidate gladly sorted out. They can offer companies a lot: new approaches, for example, that Innovation advance, or urgently needed language skills and intercultural competence.

Diversity management

Especially larger companies and Adviser put at the selection of their employees to sophisticated diversity management. But the IT industry is also open to people who have the relevant skills instead of a relevant degree, because technical development is progressing faster here than the corresponding training courses are being created.

Nevertheless, newcomers to crossbreeding, especially in Germany, often have to make a double effort to show that they really mean it. They need to know what they want, and convincingly represent it. Earlier gathering of practical experience and good contacts are very important - as well as additional qualifications.

Further education and postgraduate studies

When acquiring the required specialist knowledge, a Further Training help: There are now an increasing number of master’s degrees in economics that can be used to supplement a humanities degree, for example.

It is precisely with this interdisciplinary network that Gianna is concerned Rich on her blog “Geisteswirtschaft” and advises career changers: “Get out of the comfort zone!” In the end, it's about convincing employers why you're not just somehow suitable, but simply the best Candidate is for the job. "It only works if you get into the best possible starting position," she explains.

Universities soon superfluous?

At this point you can also ask the question: Is it classic Education soon superfluous and will be replaced by self-taught learning? Do we still need universities or should we not develop new, more flexible and self-taught educational methods in the course of rapidly changing technical developments.

Because technical development is progressing like this fast that universities can hardly keep up with the creation of courses. Do we still need educational institutions or are they far from antiquated? The topic has under the comments of the Weltarticle and in various social media has already triggered heated discussions.

In IT, it almost does not matter if you have studied

Follow that Headhunter Dr. Ole von Mensching, it's in Industries like IT, it almost doesn't matter whether you study or not. With his personnel consultancy Careerteam, he is looking for IT specialists for companies and has found:

"Many employers are not looking for university graduates at all, but for specialists with practical experience." Applicants should therefore be “clever, develop content themselves, missing Background learn autodidactically and thus establish yourself as an expert.”

Self-responsible learning in the social network

Auch Dr. Anja Wagner is convinced of self-taught education: “We acquire 20 percent of our knowledge in exchange with other people, we only develop 10 percent in educational institutions. But learning-by-doing accounts for 70 percent of personal experience — because it Fun does and has to do with one’s own living environment.”

That is why Wagner founded the social learning platform ununi.TV and explains: “Today, independent learning is much more personal Network or in Online-Communities instead. This is how you collect your individual know-how step by step.”

Proof to employers?

It is understandable that the one who learns best, who follows his interests, is understandable - but what about the proof against employers? Although blogs, social media or even the Klout score give an impression of an applicant's abilities - at least in self-marketing - they are difficult to replace.

Because there are still no reliable procedures for measuring competence, known in technical jargon as large-scale assessments. This is currently being worked on at the Federal Institute for Vocational Training, for example. Until you get there, the autodidacts have at least that Problemto prove their knowledge. It is therefore still unclear whether and when autodidactic learning will ever have the same status as studying. We will probably need universities for at least a while longer.

What are the working models of the future?

But what you should always have in mind are new forms of work. The key question is: are new working models better or worse? And what has to change so that we can work more efficiently and better in the future?

The Swedes have shown it again: Here, working hours were recently reduced from eight to six hours with the same pay, while in Germany employers still struggle with part-time solutions and flexible working models. But a lot works, you just have to do it.

Jobsharing: The transfer is important

For example job sharing: Ursula Wischgoll and Isabel Stöckl have been sharing the press and public relations work of Berchtesgadener Land Tourismus GmbH for eight years. Wischgoll convinced her boss at the time by pointing out advantages such as double Competencies and a permanent replacement in the event of vacation or illness. "With good organization, this works in every job and brings benefits to everyone," Wischgoll is convinced.

A meticulous handover protocol and a lot is important Trust: "With us, no one takes himself more seriously than the other, successes go to a joint account" And Stöckl adds: "Part-time jobs are often not very attractive, job sharing enables me to work with responsibility in an internationally known region.

Participation and family friendliness: trust counts

Trust is also an important aspect for Monika Hobmeier: She runs her Bader Hotel in Parsdorf near Munich democratically: “When I was working in Sweden, I initially had to swallow that employee dem Executive objected or brought their child with them. "

Back in Germany, she implemented this in her own company: "We discuss a lot, but decisions are implemented more quickly and employees take responsibility because they stand behind them," is Hobmeier's experience.

A new, equal understanding of leadership

Above all, this leads to a new understanding of leadership: Hobmeier sees herself more as an organizer than as a boss and is convinced: “This is the only way teams can manage complex ones in the future Tasks get over." She has had positive experiences with mothers: “They are particularly flexible and good at it to organize. "

The examples show how even extraordinary work models work. And they are forward-looking because more and more companies understand that motivated employees are an important competitive factor. To all the others said: Just try it out.


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